Eliminating the eﬀ ect of refrigerant is negligible compared to reducing energy consumption by improving eﬃ ciency. Yet, there remains a fervor over the global warming potential of the refrigerant. So, what steps can or must be taken to reduce net CO 2 emissions? KIGALI AGREEMENT TO THE MONTREAL PROTOCOL In 2016, 196 countries came together in what some observers consider the second most signiﬁ cant landmark agreement on the environment: The Kigali Amendment. It uses the structure of the 1987 Montreal Protocol, a treaty that phased-out chloroﬂ uorocarbon (CFC) and hydrochloroﬂ uorocarbons (HCFC) refrigerants to protect the ozone layer. At Kigali, the focus was on GHG reductions and climate change. Unlike the elimination of CFC and HCFC refrigerants, the Kigali Amendment targets a reduction in HFC refrigerants down to 15 percent of baseline over the next few decades. The 15 percent allows for continued use for servicing indeﬁ nitely. The baselines will be set in future years between 2020 through 2026 for developing countries depending on the group. For developed countries (e.g., the United States, Australia, Canada, the European block), the baseline is set on the average of 2011 through 2013, plus 15 percent of the 2011 to 2013 average of HCFCs. Note that this evaluation is done on net CO 2 equivalence. This evaluation basis will likely aﬀ ect higher-GWP refrigerants in applications (i.e. foam, propellants, transportation, refrigeration, solvents) that are more prone to leaks or are used directly in the atmosphere. PREEMPTIVE ACTIONS TO REDUCE CO 2 EMISSIONS Some countries acted prior to the Kigali Amendment. These actions were signiﬁ cant in two ways: First, they provided leadership to urge other nations to act. Second, they provide examples of the diﬀ erent approaches that are likely to be taken by diﬀ erent countries in how they mitigate GHGs. Under the Kigali Amendment, each country is free to implement their measures to reduce CO 2 emissions in a way best suited for their national interests and capabilities. We did it! IFMA would like to thank our FM Advocates Because of your dedicated advocacy on behalf of IFMA and the FM industry in Washington, D.C., the Federal Asset Sale & Transfer Act and the Federal Property Management Reform Act are the law of the land. This important legislation recognizes the life cycle cost of facility ownership and adopts FM industry best practices to reduce waste and improve performance across the federal real estate portfolio. It was among the top priorities for IFMA’s FM advocates in 2016. What’s in store for 2017? We have a new Congress, a new President and a new set of priorities. Join us for IFMA’s 2017 Advocacy Day and Public Policy Forum this September 12-13 to lend your voice to the next legislative accomplishment. Learn more at ifma.org.